South America

Updated February 21, 2017 | Factmonster Staff

Argentina

  • Juan Facundo Quiroga, Argentine caudillo (1790?1835)
  • Juan Martn de Pueyrredn, Argentine general, supreme director of the United Provinces of La Plata (1816?19)
  • Bernardino Rivadavia, Argentine statesman and diplomat, first president of the United Provinces of La Plata (1826?27)
  • Juan Manuel de Rosas, Argentine dictator, governor of Buenos Aires province (1829?32, 1835?52)
  • Justo Jos de Urquiza, Argentine general and politician, president of the confederation (1854?60)
  • Bartolom Mitre Argentine statesman, general, and author, president of the republic (1862?68)
  • Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Argentine statesman, educator, and author, president of the republic (1868?74)
  • Nicols Avellaneda, Argentine statesman, president of the republic (1874?80)
  • Julio Argentino Roca, general, president of Argentina (1880?86, 1898?1904)
  • Miguel Jurez Celman, president of Argentina (1886?90)
  • Manuel A. Quintana, president of Argentina (1904?06)
  • Jos Figueroa Alcorta, president of Argentina (1906?10)
  • Roque Senz Pea, Argentine statesman, president of the republic (1910?14)
  • Victorino de la Plaza, president of Argentina (1914?16)
  • Hiplito Irigoyen, Argentine political leader, president of the republic (1916?22, 1928?30)
  • Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, Argentine statesman and diplomat, president of the republic (1922?28)
  • Jos Flix Uriburu, president of Argentina (1930?32)
  • Agustn Pedro Justo, president of Argentina (1932?38)
  • Roberto M. Ortiz, president of Argentina (1938?42)
  • Ramn S. Castillo, president of Argentina (1940?43)
  • Arturo Rawson Corvaln, president of the Provisional Government (1943)
  • Pedro Pablo Ramrez Machuca, president of the Provisional Government (1943?44)
  • Edelmiro J. Farrell, president of Argentina (1944?46)
  • Juan Domingo Pern, president of Argentina (1946?55, 1973?74)
  • Jos Domingo Molina Gmez, Argentine chairman of military junta (1955)
  • Eduardo A. Lonardi, provisional president of Argentina (1955)
  • Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, president of Argentina (1955?58)
  • Arturo Frondizi, president of Argentina (1958?62)
  • Jos Mara Guido, acting president of Argentina (1962?63)
  • Arturo Illia, president of Argentina (1963?66)
  • Revolutionary Junta: Pascual ngel Pistarini Ludena, Benigno Ignacio Marcelino Varela Barnadou, Adolfo Teodoro lvarez Melendi (1966)
  • Juan Carlos Ongana, president of Argentina (1966?70)
  • Pedro Alberto Jos Gnavi, Argentine chairman Junta of Commanders (1970)
  • Roberto Marcelo Levingston, president of Argentina (1970?71)
  • Alejandro Agustn Lanusse, president of Argentina (1971?73)
  • Hctor Jos Cmpora, president of Argentina (1973)
  • Isabel Pern, president of Argentina (1974?76)
  • Military junta: Jorge Rafael Videla, Emilio Eduardo Massera, Orlando Ramn Agosti (1976)
  • Jorge Rafael Videla, president of Argentina (1976?81)
  • Roberto Eduardo Viola, president of Argentina (1981)
  • Carlos Alberto Lacoste, acting president of Argentina (1981)
  • Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri, Argentine general, president of Argentina (1981?82)
  • Alfredo scar Saint Jean, acting president of Argentina (1982)
  • Reynaldo Bignone, president of Argentina (1982?83)
  • Ral Alfonsn, president of Argentina (1983?89)
  • Carlos Saul Menem, president of Argentina (1989?1999)
  • Fernando de la Ra, president of Argentina (1999?2001)
  • Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, president of Argentina (2001?2002)
  • Eduardo Duhalde, president of Argentina (2002?2003)
  • Néstor Kirchner, president of Argentina (2003?2007)
  • Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, president of Argentina (2007?2015)
  • Mauricio Macri (2015?)

Brazil

  • Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil, Bragana dynasty (1822?31)
  • Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, Bragana dynasty (1831?89)
  • Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca, president of Brazil (1889?91)
  • Floriano Peixoto, acting president of Brazil (1891?94)
  • Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales, president of Brazil (1898?1902)
  • Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, president of Brazil (1902?06)
  • Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena, president of Brazil (1906?09)
  • Nilo Peanha, president of Brazil (1909?10)
  • Venceslau Brs Pereira Gomes, president of Brazil (1914?18)
  • Delfim Moreira, acting president of Brazil (1918?19)
  • Epitcio da Silva Pessoa, president of Brazil (1919?22)
  • Artur da Silva Bernardes, president of Brazil (1922?26)
  • Washington Lus Pereira de Sousa, president of Brazil (1926?30)
  • Augusto Tasso Fragoso, chairman Government Junta (1930)
  • Getlio Vargas, pesident of Brazil (1930?45, 1951?54)
  • Jos Linhares, president of Brazil (1945?46)
  • Eurico Gaspar Dutra, president of Brazil (1946?51)
  • Joo Caf Filho, president of Brazil (1954?56)
  • Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, president of Brazil (1956?61)
  • Jnio da Silva Quadros, president of Brazil (1961)
  • Joo Belchior Marques Goulart, president of Brazil (1961?64)
  • Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, president of Brazil (1964?67)
  • Artur da Costa e Silva, president of Brazil (1967?69)
  • Military junta: Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grnewald, Aurlio de Lyra Tavares, Mrcio de Souza e Mello (1969)
  • Emlio Garrastaz Mdici, president of Brazil (1969?74)
  • Ernesto Geisel, president of Brazil (1974?79)
  • Joo Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, president of Brazil (1979?85)
  • Jos Sarney, president of Brazil (1985?90)
  • Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil (1990?92)
  • Itamar Franco, acting for Collor (1992?95)
  • Fernando Henrique Cardoso, president of Brazil (1995?2003)
  • Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, president of Brazil (2003?2010)
  • Dilma Rousseff, president of Brazil (2011? )

Chile

  • Bernardo O'Higgins, supreme director of Chile (1818?23)
  • Manuel Bulnes, president of Chile (1841?51)
  • Manuel Montt, president of Chile (1851?61)
  • Domingo Santa Mara, president of Chile (1881?86)
  • Jos Manuel Balmaceda, president of Chile (1886?91)
  • Jorge Montt, president of Chile (1891?96)
  • Federico Errzuriz Echaurren, president of Chile (1896?01)
  • Anbal Zaartu Zaartu, acting president of Chile (1901)
  • Germn Riesco, president of Chile (1901?06)
  • Pedro Montt, president of Chile (1906?10)
  • Elas Fernndez Albano, acting president of Chile (1910)
  • Emiliano Figueroa Larran, president of Chile (1910)
  • Ramn Barros Luco, president of Chile (1910?15)
  • Juan Luis Sanfuentes, president of Chile (1915?20)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1920?24)
  • Luis Altamirano Talavera, Chilean junta chairman (1924?25)
  • Pedro Pablo Dartnell Encina, Chilean junta chairman (1925)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1925)
  • Luis Barros Borgoo, acting, president of Chile (1925)
  • Emiliano Figueroa Larran, president of Chile (1925?27)
  • Carlos Ibez del Campo, president of Chile (1927?31, 1952?58)
  • Juan Esteban Montero Rodrguez, president of Chile (1931?32)
  • Arturo Puga Osorio, chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)
  • Carlos Gregorio Dvila Espinosa, chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile, provisional president of the Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)
  • Bartolom Blanche Espejo, provisional president of Chile (1932)
  • Abraham Oyanedel Urrutia, acting president of Chile (1932)
  • Arturo Alessandri Palma, president of Chile (1932?38)
  • Pedro Aguirre Cerda, president of Chile (1938?41)
  • Jernimo Mndez Arancibia, acting president of Chile (1941?42)
  • Juan Antonio Ros Morales, president of Chile (1942?46)
  • Alfredo Duhalde Vsquez, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Vicente Merino Bielich, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas, acting president of Chile (1946)
  • Gabriel Gonzlez Videla, president of Chile (1946?52)
  • Jorge Alessandri Rodrguez, president of Chile (1958?64)
  • Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964?70)
  • Salvador Allende, president of Chile (1970?73)
  • Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, Junta leader (1973?74), president of Chile (1974?90)
  • Jos Toribio Merino Castro, Junta leader (1973?74)
  • Csar Mendoza Durn, Junta leader (1973?74)
  • Gustavo Leigh Guzmn, Junta leader (1973?74)
  • Patricio Aylwin Azcar, president of Chile (1990?94)
  • Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, president of Chile (1994?2000)
  • Ricardo Lagos Escobar, president of Chile (2000?2006)
  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria, president of Chile (2006?2010)
  • Sebastián Piñera Echenique, president of Chile (2010?2014)
  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria, president of Chile (2014? )

Peru

  • Eduardo Lpez de Romaa, president of Peru (1899?03)
  • Manuel Candamo, president of Peru (1903?04)
  • Serapio Caldern, acting president of Peru (1904)
  • Jos Pardo y Barreda, president of Peru (1904?08)
  • Augusto B. Legua y Salcedo, president of Peru (1908?12; 1919?30)
  • Guillermo E. Billinghurst, president of Peru (1912?14)
  • scar Raymundo Benavides Larrea, president of Peru (1914?15)
  • Jos Pardo y Barreda, president of Peru (1915?19)
  • Manuel Mara Ponce Brousset, Peruvian chairman military junta (1930)
  • Luis M. Snchez Cerro, president of Preu (1930?31)
  • Mariano Holgun Maldonado, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • Ricardo Leoncio Elas Arias, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • Gustavo A. Jimnez, Peruvian chairman Transitional Junta (1931)
  • David Samanez Ocampo y Sobrino, Peruvian chairman National Junta (1931)
  • Luis M. Snchez Cerro, president of Peru (1931?33)
  • scar Raymundo Benavides Larrea, president of Peru (1933?39)
  • Manuel Prado y Ugarteche, president of Peru (1939?45, 1956?62)
  • Jos Luis Bustamante y Rivero, president of Peru (1945?48)
  • Manuel Apolinario Odra Amoretti, president of Peru (1948?50; 1950?56)
  • Zenn Noriega Agero, Peruvian chairman military junta (1950)
  • Ricardo Po Prez Godoy, Peruvian junta chairman (1962?63)
  • Nicols Lindley Lpez, Peruvian junta chairman (1963)
  • Fernando Belande Terry, president of Peru (1963?68, 1980?85)
  • Juan Velasco Alvarado, president of Peru (1968?75)
  • Francisco Morales Bermdez, president of Peru (1975?80)
  • Alan Garca Prez , president of Peru (1985?90)
  • Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru (1990?2000)
  • Valentn Paniagua, president of Peru (2000?2001)
  • Alejandro Toledo, president of Peru (2001?2006)
  • Alan García Pérez, president of Peru (2006?2011)
  • Ollanta Humala, president of Peru (2011? )

Uruguay

  • Juan Lindolfo Cuestas, president of Uruguay (1897?99, 1899?1903)
  • Jos Batlle y Ordez, president of Uruguay (1903?07, 1911?15)
  • Claudio Wlliman, president of Uruguay (1907?11)
  • Feliciano Viera, president of Uruguay (1915?19)
  • Baltasar Brum, president of Uruguay (1919?23)
  • Jos Serrato, president of Uruguay (1923?27)
  • Juan Campisteguy, president of Uruguay (1927?31)
  • Gabriel Terra, president of Uruguay (1931?38)
  • Alfredo Baldomir, president of Uruguay (1938?43)
  • Juan Jos de Amzaga, president of Uruguay (1943?47)
  • Toms Berreta, president of Uruguay (1947)
  • Luis Batlle Berres, president of Uruguay (1947?51)
  • Andrs Martnez Trueba, president of Uruguay (1951?52)
  • Andrs Martnez Trueba, president of the National Council (1952?55)
  • Luis Batlle Berres, president of the National Council (1955?56)
  • Alberto Fermn Zubira, president of the National Council (1957?57)
  • Arturo Lezama, president of the National Council (1957?58)
  • Carlos L. Fischer, president of the National Council (1958?59)
  • Martn R. Echegoyen, president of the National Council (1959?60)
  • Benito Nardone, president of the National Council (1960?61)
  • Eduardo Vctor Haedo, president of the National Council (1961?62)
  • Faustino Harrison, president of the National Council (1962?63)
  • Daniel Fernndez Crespo, president of the National Council (1963?64)
  • Luis Giannattasio, president of the National Council (1964?65)
  • Wshington Beltrn, president of the National Council (1965?66)
  • Alberto Hber Usher, president of the National Council (1966?67)
  • scar Diego Gestido, president of Uruguay (1967)
  • Jorge Pacheco Areco, president of Uruguay (1967?72)
  • Juan Mara Bordaberry Arocena, president of Uruguay (1972?76)
  • Alberto Demicheli, acting president of Uruguay (1976)
  • Aparicio Mndez, president of Uruguay (1976?81)
  • Gregorio Conrado lvarez Armelino, president of Uruguay (1981?85)
  • Rafael Addiego Bruno, acting president of Uruguay (1985)
  • Julio Mara Sanguinetti Cairolo, president of Uruguay (1985?90)
  • Luis Alberto Lacalle, president of Uruguay (1990?95)
  • Julio Mara Sanguinetti Cairolo, president of Uruguay (1995?2000)
  • Jorge Batlle, president of Uruguay (2000?2005)
  • Tabaré Vázquez, president of Uruguay (2005?2010)
  • José Mujica, president of Uruguay (2010?2015)
  • Tabaré Vázquez, president of Uruguay (2015? )

Venezuela

PresidentsFrancisco Antonio Zea, acting (1819)
Simn Bolvar (1819)
Jos Antonio Pez (1830?1835, 1839?1843, 1861?1863)
Andrs Narvarte, acting (1835, 1836?1837)
Jos Mara Vargas (1835, 1935?1936)
Pedro Briceo, provisional (1835)
Santiago Mario, Superior Chief of State (1835)
Jos Mara Carreo, acting (1835, 1937)
Carlos Soublette, acting (1837?1839, 1843?1847)
Santos Michelena, acting (1843)
Diego Bautista Urbaneja, acting (1847)
Jos Tadeo Monagas (1847?1851)
Antonio Leocadio Guzmn, acting (1851)
Jos Gregorio Monaga (1851?1855, 1855?1858)
Joaqun Herrera, acting (1855)
Pedro Gual, president of provisional government (1858), acting president (1859, 1861)
Julin Castro (1858?1859)
Juan Crisstomo Falcn (1859, 1865?1868), provisional (1863?1865)
Manuel Felipe de Tovar, acting (1859?1861)
Antonio Guzmn Blanco (1863, 1865, 1870?1877, 1879?1874, 1886?1888), supreme director (1879)
Guillermo Tell Villegas (1868?1869, 1892)
Jos Ruperto Monagas, acting (1869?1870)
Juan Vicente Gonzlez, acting (1870)
Esteban Palacios, acting (1870)
Jacinto Gutirrez Martnez, acting (1877, 1878?1879)
Francisco Linares Alcntara (1877?1878)
Jos Gregorio Valera, acting (1879)
Gregorio Cedeo (1879)
Jos Rafael Pacheco (1879)
Joaqun Crespo (1884?1886, 1892?1894, 1894?1898)
Manuel Antonio Diez, acting (1886)
Juan Pablo Rojas Pal (1880?1890)
Raimundo Andueza Palacio (1990?1892)
Manuel Guzmn lvarez, acting (1894, 1898)
Ignacio Andrade (1898?1899)
Vctor Rodrguez Prraga, acting (1899)
Cipriano Castro (1899?1909)
Juan Vicente Gmez (1909?1910, 1910?1914, 1922?1929, 1931?1935)
Emilio Constantino Guerrero, acting (1910)
Jess Ramn Ayala, acting (1910)
Victorino Mrquez Bustillos, provisional (1914?1922)
Juan Bautista Prez (1929?1931)
Pedro Itriago Chacn, acting (1931)
Eleazar Lpez Contreras (1935?1936, 1936?1941)
Arminio Borjas, acting (1936)
Isaas Medina Angarita (1941?1945)
Rmulo Betancourt, chairman revolutionary junta (1945?1948), president (1959?1964)
Rmulo Gallegos (1948)
Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, chairman, military junta (1948?1950)
German Surez Flamerich, chairman, military junta (1950?1952)
Marcos Prez Jimnez (1952?1958)
Wolfgang Larrazbal, chairman, government junta (1958)
Edgar Sanabria Arcia, chairman, government junta (1958?1959)
Ral Leoni (1964?1969)
Rafael Caldera (1969?1974, 1994?1999)
Carlos Andrs Prez (1974?1979, 1989?1993)
Luis Herrera Campins (1979?1984)
Jaime Lusinchi (1984?1989)
Octavio Lepage, acting (1993)
Ramn Jos Velsquez, interim (1993?1994)
Hugo Chvez (1999?2013)
Nicolás Maduro (2013? )


See also: